Cultural Etiquette in Egypt: What Tourists Should Know

Traveling to a new country is an exciting adventure, and Egypt is no exception. With its ancient monuments, bustling markets, and the majestic Nile River, Egypt offers a unique cultural experience. However, respecting local customs and etiquette is crucial for a fulfilling visit. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how tourists can embrace Egyptian customs for a respectful and enriching experience.

General Etiquette

Dress Code: When exploring Egypt, it’s important to dress modestly, particularly at religious sites and rural areas. For women, this means avoiding sleeveless tops and short skirts. Men should wear trousers and shirts with sleeves. In urban areas like Cairo or Alexandria, the dress code is slightly more relaxed, but modesty is still appreciated.

Greetings: Egyptians are warm and friendly. A handshake accompanied by a smile is a common greeting. If someone places their hand on their heart after shaking hands, it signifies respect and sincerity. During greetings, it’s polite to ask about the person’s health and well-being.

Tipping (Baksheesh): Tipping is an integral part of Egyptian culture. It’s customary to tip service providers such as waiters, hotel staff, and guides. Generally, around 10-15% is appropriate in restaurants, and a small amount for services like bag handling.

Dining Etiquette

Traditional Meals: If you’re invited to an Egyptian home, expect a generous spread of dishes. It’s customary to compliment the host on the food and accept the offer of second helpings as a sign of appreciation.

Table Manners: Egyptians generally use utensils, but it’s also acceptable to eat with your right hand, especially when bread is used as a utensil for scooping food. Always pass dishes with your right hand.

Hospitality: Hospitality is a cornerstone of Egyptian culture. Showing gratitude and respect for the host’s efforts is appreciated. A small gift, like sweets or flowers, is a thoughtful gesture if you’re invited to a home.

Religious Observances

Respect for Practices: Be mindful of prayer times, especially during the call to prayer, when you should lower your voice and avoid intrusive activities. During Ramadan, be discreet when eating or drinking during daylight hours as most locals will be fasting.

Behavior in Religious Places: When visiting mosques or other religious sites, dress conservatively and remove your shoes before entering. Women should cover their hair in mosques.

Social Norms and Values

Gender Interactions: In more traditional areas, direct contact between non-related men and women is discouraged. Wait to see if a woman extends her hand before offering a handshake.

Photography: Always ask for permission before taking photos of people, especially women and children. Avoid taking pictures of military or strategic sites.

Local Laws and Regulations: Familiarize yourself with local laws, including those regarding public behavior and alcohol consumption. Disrespecting these laws can lead to fines or detention.

Language and Communication

Useful Arabic Phrases: Knowing basic Arabic phrases like “Salam Alaykum” (peace be upon you) for greeting, “Shukran” (thank you), and “Min Fadlak” (please) can enhance your interaction with locals.

Body Language: Avoid gestures that can be considered rude or offensive, such as showing the soles of your shoes or using your left hand to give or receive items.

Shopping and Bargaining

How to Negotiate: Bargaining is expected in local markets. Start by offering half the asking price and negotiate from there. It’s a playful and respectful interaction.

Appreciating Local Crafts: Purchasing local crafts supports the community and provides you with authentic souvenirs. Ensure you’re paying a fair price for the craftsmanship involved.


Understanding and respecting Egyptian travel etiquette not only enriches your travel experience but also shows respect for the cultural values and traditions of the country. By embracing these cultural tips for visiting Egypt, tourists can enjoy a more immersive and welcoming visit to this fascinating country. Enjoy your trip and the legendary Egyptian hospitality!

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