The Temple of Edfu

The Temple of Edfu is an ancient Egyptian temple located on the west bank of the Nile in Edfu, Upper Egypt. This temple is one of the best-preserved shrines in Egypt, and it is dedicated to the falcon god Horus. Its construction began in 237 BCE during the reign of Ptolemy III Euergetes I and was completed in 57 BCE by Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos. It was built on the site of an earlier, smaller temple also dedicated to Horus.

The Temple of Edfu is known for its grandeur and the intricacy of its reliefs. It provides invaluable insights into the language, religion, and mythology of the Ptolemaic period in Egypt. The temple complex includes a birth house (mammisi), which commemorates the birth of Horus’s son, Harsomptus, and is decorated with scenes depicting the divine birth and childhood of the god.

Architecturally, the temple follows traditional New Kingdom temple design with a pylon gateway, followed by a peristyle courtyard, hypostyle halls, and then the sanctuary at the core. The pylon is adorned with battle scenes of Horus defeating the god Set, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil.

One of the most notable aspects of the Temple of Edfu is its extensive use of hieroglyphs, which cover the walls of the temple. These inscriptions provide important information on religion, myth, and royal ceremonial practices during the Ptolemaic period. The temple also served as a center for festivals and was linked to the mythology surrounding the Dendera Temple complex.

Today, the Temple of Edfu is a significant tourist attraction and continues to be a site of archaeological study and conservation.

4 Days/3 Nights Cairo Tour
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4 Days/3 Nights Cairo Tour

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